Would you like to plant and harvest a few more vegetables from your garden this fall before winter sets in?
Believe it or not, there is still time to grow some delicious fall vegetables. It doesn’t matter whether you are growing in a traditional garden, a raised bed or even in containers and pots.
Although summer is fading quickly and autumn is just around the corner, there are still enough growing days in most growing areas to plant and harvest a few fall vegetables.
You may not be able to grow tomatoes or corn anymore, but you can still bring delicious fresh food to the table for you and your family! Here’s a look at 6 delicious plants that can be harvested in 45 days or less.
When you clear out summer crops, it leaves even more space to plant. And luckily, there are plenty of plants that can mature quickly enough before winter sets in!
6 Fall Vegetable Plants for Planting and Harvesting
Even though fall is the time to plant garlic and onions for next year, you can still plant vegetables and vegetables for harvest this fall. We’ll start with one of our favorite crops, sweet peas:
# 1) Snow peas / snow peas
Who doesn’t love the fresh cracking and crunching of sugar snap peas or sugar snap peas? And these two delicious vegetables can go from seed to harvest in just six weeks!
In the spring, most types of sugar pea hit the market in a little less than two months. But the warm, late summer soil is just right for both pea seed varieties to germinate quickly. And when fall arrives, it provides the perfect cooler temperatures for them to thrive and produce quickly.
Plant pea seeds about an inch deep in the ground, leaving 4 to 6 inches between the seeds. Although there are bush types, most of them climb. For these species, a small section of fence or trellis will help support them and also make harvesting easier.
Peas are a fast-ripening plant, especially when the soil is warm. They germinate quickly and grow well in the cool fall temperatures.
One final note about growing peas: this plant actually helps improve the soil on which they grow. So not only do you get a little more yield, but you also charge the soil! Product link: Sugar spring pea seeds
# 2) Salad – 6 fall vegetables to plant and harvest before winter
Lettuce is a good choice for planting as a fall vegetable. The cool, crisp fall weather is ideal for growing all types of loose leafy vegetables. And many varieties like Baby Leaf, Bibs, and Mesclun Mixes can be harvested in just 21 days.
Even better, they can be harvested multiple times. So if the warmer temperatures lengthen for a few more weeks in autumn, you can enjoy fresh salads until late in the year.
Lettuce thrives best in loose, well-drained and fertile soil. To encourage rapid growth, mix in plenty of compost to recharge the soil of plants that have grown in the summer. Sow the lettuce seeds 1/4 inch deep, half an inch apart, and water them well. Product Seed Links: Mesclun Seed Mix
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# 3) Radishes – 6 fall vegetables to plant and harvest before winter
When it comes to quick growers, radishes are high on the list. They are ideal for late planting. Some varieties can go from seed to harvest in just 25 to 28 days, while most can be fully harvested in 30 to 40 days.
Plant the seeds directly into the ground, planting them about 1/2 inch deep, leaving an inch between the seeds. Radishes need constant moisture to grow well, so water the seedlings often. You will also benefit greatly from added compost. Seed Link: Cherry Belle Radish Seeds
# 4) Spinach – 6 fall vegetables to plant and harvest before winter
Nothing beats the taste of tender young spinach! And this nutrient-dense superfood loves the autumn cold, so it’s a wonderful time to grow.
Baby spinach is quick to harvest and the taste is just great. Spinach likes cool weather, but reap the harvest if there is severe frost or frost in the future.
You can even sow spinach seeds straight into the ground up to 3 weeks before your last frost date. Plant the seeds 1/4 ″ deep, 2 inches apart.
Baby spinach leaves are ready to be harvested with maximum flavor when they are about two inches. You can usually start harvesting within three to four weeks of planting.
Spinach will withstand light frosts well, but harvest plants when a hard frost is forecast. At temperatures well below freezing point, the delicate leaves in the garden will wither. Seed Link: Butterfly heirloom spinach seeds
# 5) Kale – 6 fall vegetables to plant and harvest before winter
Like spinach, kale actually thrives in cool weather. It really is the ultimate superfood and is full of vitamins and minerals. Strains like Red Russian can be harvested as baby leaves in just 25 days.
Kale seeds germinate quickly in the warmer soil of autumn. Plant the seeds 1/4 inch deep and water them well. Harvest when the baby leaves, once the foliage reaches 2 “or more.
Red cabbage is one of our favorites. The taste is excellent and can withstand cool weather wonderfully. In fact, the cool weather improves the taste!
# 6) Arugula – 6 fall vegetables to plant and harvest before winter
Rocket is another cool weather lover. It tolerates even mild frosts and continues to grow. The spicy leaves are perfect to give fresh salads a little zing.
Rocket grows best in loose, fertile and well-drained soil. Plant the seeds 1/4 inch deep, leaving about an inch between the seeds. Make sure you add plenty of compost to get extra soil nutrients.
In addition to compost, worm cast is another great way to energize the soil, which can really power plants that need a boost in the late season. For most varieties, arugula can go from planting to harvest in around 28 days.
There you have it! 6 great fall fruits to plant before winter sets in Here you can grow a little more of your own food before winter sets in. Happy Gardening – Jim and Mary.
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