There are many ways to reduce your carbon footprint, one of which is by growing your own fruits and vegetables from the comfort of your own home.
It doesn’t matter whether you have a garden or not because there are ways to add some greenery to your house or apartment no matter how much space you have. First, indoor gardening can be done with different types of planters. You can buy a rectangular planter box that allows you to plant multiple vegetables at once, or you can buy a single pot and plant a variety of vegetables in it to care for.
While it may sound intimidating, you can even create a hydroponic garden. It’s a flawless indoor gardening method that can give you the coveted green thumb. According to the National Park Service, hydroponic plants produce higher yields of fruits and vegetables because the plants are closer together in a hydroponic system compared to the land area that would be required to grow the same number of plants. Hydroponic systems are a sustainable gardening method that makes growing fresh vegetables, herbs, and fruits year-round an easy project.
Hydroponic gardening is perfect for apartment residents who want to devote a lot of space to indoor gardening. Several hydroponic growing systems are available in compact or vertical versions and contain everything you need to grow. Since you are growing without soil, there is a lot less clutter. Hydroponic systems take the guesswork out of watering your plants, providing your plant roots with constant access to oxygen and as much water as they need to prevent over- or underwatering.
You can create a DIY hydroponic garden out of old gallon soda bottles or a kit that includes most, if not all of the ingredients you will need. You can choose vermiculite, perlite, clay pebbles, gravel, sand or a combination of several of these as the basis for your planting. Once that’s all done, it’s time to plant your seeds. Another important aspect is the incorporation of grow lights to encourage steady, long-term growth. Use LED lights in a power saving mode as your plant lights use less energy than fluorescent lights. After that, maintenance includes checking the pH of your plant system and adjusting the nutrients. Kits that provide a pH meter and nutrients offer you the most foolproof method.
Some vegetables to grow at home include: lettuce, mint, basil, rosemary, thyme, parsley, celery, green onions, tomatoes, avocados, and more. Fruit options include strawberries, blueberries, peppers, raspberries, grapes, melons, and even watermelons!
If you’ve been gifted with a front or back yard, your options are limitless. You can plant all kinds of fruits and vegetables like the ones above, but you can go a step further by building your own greenhouse. Don’t let this put you off, there are simple, inexpensive ways to build your own greenhouse without breaking the bank.
Here’s an easy-to-follow, step-by-step guide to building a 5 × 5 greenhouse for under $ 25.
For more inspiration, House & Garden posted a YouTube video showing 100 cheap and easy DIY greenhouse ideas:
Have fun gardening!