Yard Gardeners: Do not Really feel Cramped By Container Gardeners | Information, sports activities, jobs

Growing plants in containers is a great option for anyone limited by space, mobility, or soil conditions. Containers can also add a nice accent near porches, windows or doors, which can be moved or changed seasonally if desired. Flowering annual plants and textured leaves provide an attractive display that is relatively easy to care for even a novice gardener. A couple of herbs are the perfect addition to a kitchen window box, always close by and ready for one final addition to a favorite recipe.

* Container selection

The container options for your project are almost endless – just avoid anything that could be toxic, such as: B. Plastic that used to contain oil or other chemicals. Wood, terracotta, plastic, and metal can all be acceptable. Pots, planters, and hanging baskets are most common, but watering cans, wheelbarrows, urns, and hollowed-out tree stumps will also work. Wire baskets can be lined with moss or coconut coconut to support the floor and make it visually appealing. One of the most important considerations in choosing a container is choosing a container with a depth that will allow enough volume of soil to hold the roots of all plants when they are mature. Adequate drainage is essential; Holes can be drilled in the bottom of containers if necessary.

* Plants

Garden soil for pots is never a good choice. It is often high in clay, which can densify and limit the availability of oxygen to the growing roots, as well as trap water, increasing the likelihood of rot and disease. Buying good quality potting soil ensures that it is light, loose, and disease-free. It usually contains vermiculite and perlite to aid in ventilation and moisture retention. It can also contain organic material such as peat or compost.

Plant the seeds to a depth that is twice the diameter of the seed. When planting transplants, only buy healthy plants from a quality source and handle them carefully. Slightly loosen the roots and plant to the depth at which they were planted in the bowl. Tomatoes are the exception – they can be planted until the first set of leaves as they root the stem. Plant after the danger of spring frost has passed to your area, if the plant you are planting is not hardy. In the garden calendar of the WVU Extension Service you will find planting dates for your region and planting times for vegetable crops.

Plants in containers grow in different growth media and, depending on the type of fertilizer used, may have a higher need for fertilizer. It may be sufficient to add a slow release fertilizer once a year. If the liquid fertilizer is the preferred choice, fertilizer needs to be added about every three weeks. It is important to remember that the potential for salt build-up in containers is very high. Good practice is too “leach” the salts by rinsing the soil. To do this, the hose is placed over the pot and the water run through until the water that comes out of the pot is clear. The leaching of the salts should be done once a year.

* Irrigation

Water is one of the most important considerations for container gardens. Plants in containers dry out faster than those grown in the ground. Check the plants frequently to determine their water needs. During hot dry spells in sunny locations, potted plants will likely need to be watered daily or possibly even twice a day. The best method is to feel the soil to see if it is dry or damp and water as needed. It is important to make sure that the drainage holes are not blocked; Waterlogging can cause root rot. Self-watering tanks are available, and plans for building self-made versions can be found on the internet.

* Light and temperature requirements

All plants in a container should be suitable for the location of the container or planter. Most plants need six to eight hours of sunlight a day, but vegetables prefer at least 10. If the container garden location is in the shade, you should choose plants that can tolerate it.

Many gardeners enjoy tropical plants, which are unsuitable for West Virginia’s climate in cooler seasons. If you want to grow tropical plants, the planters need to be portable to bring them indoors in cooler months. heavy planters can be placed on a dolly with castors to move them around as needed. Also, keep potted plants away from walls and driveways, and stone or cement patios – they can scald and overheat during hot months from the heat reflecting off these surfaces.

* Indoor plants

Plants grown indoors offer beauty and a calming environment, release oxygen, and reduce pollution. You can add color, texture and fragrance to any room. Indoor spaces usually offer even temperature and humidity, but some indoor spaces may not have the ideal lighting conditions for a plant to thrive. The light intensity (brightness of the light), the light quality (spectrum or colors of the received light) and the duration (time in the light) are all important and the needs vary depending on the plant. Additionally, some tropical plants may prefer a more humid environment, and all container plants need to be checked daily to ensure the soil is adequately watered. The humidity can be adjusted with humidifiers or by adding water containers near a heat source, e.g. B. a radiator can be increased. There are also plants that prefer a drier environment, such as cacti and succulents.

* Herbs in containers

Most herbs will do well when grown outdoors or indoors in containers. Herbs can be grown for their culinary uses or their appealing scent. Annual herbs need to be replanted annually, while perennials can be cared for without replanting. Some delicate herbs like rosemary and thyme struggle with cold weather and may need to be planted annually if not grown indoors. Once a plant is mature, pieces can be cut off if necessary. To keep the plant healthy and productive, don’t cut more than a third of the plant as it needs leaf area for photosynthesis. Harvested herbs can be easily dried or frozen for later use.

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